Rome City Plan 2008A summary
Rome has an un-organised development and a number of neighbourhoods are lacking quality in terms of infrastructure, community facilities and green space. Relaxed building restrictions and illegal development has led to 3 amnesties legalising the buildings.
The plan lays the foundation for building a city focused on quality; environmental, historical, and architectural and urban quality. The metropolitan municipalities surrounding Rome are cooperating to create a functional polycentric city, where public services and infrastructure are coordinated and illegal building is punished.
The City of Rome builds on a long history which has formed the city as we know today. The formal city planning of Rome really started after the formal unification of Italy in 1871. There has been made a few editions of the City Plan (Piano Regulatore Generale) for Rome as a tool to expand the city. There are four master plans which have has an spatial impact on Rome’s city plan history.
The PRG plan of 1883 came as a result of the unification of Italy and Rome being appointed as the capital, and for expanding it. The PRG plan of 1931 and 1962 implemented the polycentric system which can be seen today in the Rome region. The recent PRG plan of 2008 however tries to mend the uncontrolled city ex- pansion of illegal buildings and urban sprawl outside the outer ring road.
HISTORY & DEVELOPMENT
Land Area (Sq.km)
CITY PLAN FRAMEWORK
The new PRG of 2008 is a structural plan as it repairs the large “invariants” and the principles for how to organise development and from which to create policies for giving quality to the neighbourhoods lacking quality in the city. This includes historic protection, green space, polycen- trism, massive use of rail transportation and city periph- ery. The plan is all in all a comprehensive plan for building a city focused on quality; environmental, historical, and architectural and urban quality. The quality was not only for aesthetical reasons, but just as much for competition and modernity to compete with other European services and developments, and for attracting investors.
Among the documents in the plan is the “Carta per la Qualità” (charter of quality), an important system containing information about municipal areas where the authorities see the possibility of enhancing urban quality. The system includes information about thousands of monumental and archaeological elements, buildings from the 20th century, urban open space environmental value, and other buildings that have a historical and functional role.
This is the first plan where the authorities of Rome approve a plan of opportunities, where one directs and stimulates private developers towards realising projects of public interest. This includes infrastructure, cultural facilities, transformation and urban maintenance (demolition and reconstruction for better urban quality).
The plan is nevertheless restrictive as it puts great importance on the protection and conservation of Rome’s many historical and environmental elements. It is structural in the sense that the regulations and opportunities are equal for everyone, and abandons the previous case-by-case approach which some developers gained huge profits from.
The new Plan offer great possibilities to entrepreneurs whom accept that social costs is a part of developing for the public. Compared to the previous plan of 1965, this plan does not work towards a random and quantitative population growth, but focus on limiting the expansion of the city.
For more information read the Magazine.
WALKABILITY & CYCLING
In Milan the authorities have done considerable efforts to keep the residents travel distances short through mixed use planning. With a high percentage of people living in the city it can be easy to implement efficient public transport services, but half of Milan’s population living outside the city commute.
To handle this an effective, but also before a heavily disputed measure, was executed. A city road pricing scheme (the area called AREA C) was introduced, which collects a congestion fee (5 euro for a day) from drivers when they enter the historical city centre.
The measure allowed for greater walkability and cycleability within the city. The success of the measure led to the development of a 10 year mobility plan focusing on sustainable and efficient mobility and public transport across the metropolitan region, accessibility to new urban development, road safety, walking and environmental zones, cycle commuting, parking policies, smart mobility and creating a city for everyone without barriers.
For more information read the Magazine.
See the final documents relating to Rome’s City Plan on the authorities website: Rome City Plan
See the active and upcoming urban development projects in Rome: Urban Development Projects
Please find an comprehensive overview of the regulations relating to Rome’s Urban Planning and Building: Urban Planning & Building Regulations
Arup, a rising multidisciplinary global company, shared their projects and experience in an interview for the Magazine, including their work and views upon the urban frameworks in Italy.
“Arup is an independent firm of designers, planners, engineers, architects, consultants and technical specialists, working across every aspect of today’s built environment. Together we help our clients solve their most complex challenges – turning exciting ideas into tangible reality as we strive to find a better way and shape a better world.” (Arup.com)
We reached out to Migliore+Servetto Architects, for an interview to our Magazine, where they shared their work and how a less restrictive planning system would benefit how they carry out architectural design in Italy.
“Migliore+Servetto Architects, conceive on different scales, projects characterised by an expressive use of light and new technologies. They have been awarded many international prizes, including XXI (2008), XXIII (2014) and XXV (2018) Compasso d’Oro ADI. Ico Migliore is professor at the Politecnico di Milano and Chair Professor at the Dongseo University in Busan (South Korea). Mara Servetto is Visiting Professor at the Joshibi University of Tokyo (Japan).” (Architettimiglioreservetto.it)
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To learn more about the Urban Planning in Rome and other Italian cities, have a read of our Magazine featuring Italy.